Determine the best value of K for K-Means clustering

Assignment Detail:- BDA601 Big Data and Analytics - Laureate International Universities Assessment - Model Evaluation Learning Outcome 1: Apply data science principles to the cleaning, manipulation and visualisation of data;Learning Outcome 2: Design analytical models based on a given problem; andLearning Outcome 3: Effectively report and communicate findings to an appropriate audience- Part SummaryAny enterprise-level, big-data, analytics project aimed at solving a real-world problem will generally comprise three phases:1- Data preparation;2- Data analysis and visualisation; and3- Making decisions based on the analysis or insights-In this Assessment, you will help the global community in its fight against COVID-19 by discovering meaningful insights in a dataset compiled by the Johns Hopkins University Center for Systems Science and Engineering-Given the significance of the issue, you will slice and dice the data using different methods and drill down to gain insights that will help the individuals concerned make the right decisions- Part Instructions 1- Dataset PreparationThe Johns Hopkins University COVID-19 dataset is a time-series dataset that officially began recording the global number of confirmed infections, deaths and recovered patients on 22 January 2020- The fields available in the dataset include the Province/State, Country/Region, the Latitude and Longitude of a country and the dates- The data period runs from 22 January 2020 to present- In this Assessment, you are required to work with the latest version of this dataset -the version you use will depend on the day you download it-- The dataset can be found at the URL provided below- For this Assessment, you are only required to download the dataset related to confirmed infection numbers -i-e-, only download the file named: time_series_covid19_confirmed_global-csv-- All of the analyses for this Assessment should be conducted on the confirmed infection numbers- You should use the dataset as it is without making any modifications to the downloaded file- 2- Data Analysis and Visualisation Using the dataset downloaded in the previous step, undertake a data analysis and visualisation of the top three infected countries-The top three infected countries should be selected based on the total count of infected people from 22 January 2020 to the latest date in your file- The analysis and the visualisation can be completed using the Python libraries of your choicei-e- Pyspark MLlib- You can use any other platform if you find it more efficient- The analysis and the visualisation should address the following sections collectively:a- Predictive ModellingIn this section, fit a linear regression model to the time-series data for each of the three countries with an assumption that the infection rate has been increasing since the official record started- In this model, your dependent variable will be the count of infection for the independent variable -i-e-, the week number--Please note, you should convert the time-series data and represent the dates in the form of a week number- For example, 22 January 2020 to 28 January 2020 will be Week 1, 29 January 2020 to 4 February 2020 will be Week 2, etc-Once all three linear regression models are ready, analyse the models thoroughly and identify the model with the highest variance- Select that country and its linear regression model and move to the next step-b- ClusteringIn this section, perform a K-Means clustering on the dataset used in the previous step for the country that had the highest amount of variance- In the previous step, one of the assumptions was that the infection rate has been increasing since the official record started- Clustering should help you to validate that assumption and most importantly, should help you discover a trend of infection count over a period-Determine the best value of K for K-Means clustering through iteration- Once the clusters stabilise, analyse the clusters thoroughly and observe the trend over time- For example, consider whether you had cluster/s at the top of the graph in the first weeks of January, whether the cluster/s came back down in the graphs in the following weeks and whether the cluster/s went up again- You will use these observations in the next step-c- Graph AnalyticsIn this section, perform graph analytics and show the relationship between the country in question in the previous step and its neighbouring countries based on the weekly count of infection- Assume that the neighbouring countries do not share any borders with each other-To determine the neighbouring countries, you can either use the latitude and longitude information from the dataset or your own knowledge of geography and present a graphical view-As part of this analysis, assume that the neighbouring countries may also display similar cluster trends over a period -as seen in the previous step-- In your video presentation, you will make recommendations to these neighbouring countries in relation to possible trends-d- VisualisationIn this section, you are required to visualise your analytical findings -that you derived using the above steps--In big data and analytics projects, visualisation is an integral part of any analysis and often brings the analysis to life- Thus, ensure that you produce a high-quality visualisation, which you can use to tell stories and drill down from the raw data to the decision-making process- 3- Video Presentation After completing the whole data analysis and visualisation process, the outcomes need to be communicated to the neighbouring countries as identified in the previous step- Thus, you should prepare a video presentation summarising the insights discovered in the previous step- You should use 8-10 slides in your presentation and your presentation should be no longer than 10 minutes- This video presentation is related to the big data and analytics project phase ‘making decisions based on the analysis and insights' -as described above-- Thus, the contents of this video should be extremely helpful to the neighbouring countries as they make decisions about their COVID-19 policies- Consequently, as you communicate about possible trends of infection, ensure that you support your findings with any insights that you discovered through predictive modelling, clustering, graph analytics and visualisation- Tell a story to your listeners by presenting drilled- down views of your discoveries and by relating all the outcomes from the analysis that you completed in the previous steps: predictive modelling, clustering, graph analytics and visualisation- Attachment:- Model Evaluation-rar
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